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Lab 2 – Basic Computer Hardware

Project 1

Learning Objectives:

I examined the internal components of a computer and located different parts. The parts I examined include:

  • CPU
  • RAM memory
  • Motherboard
  • Video Processing Card
  • Hard Disk Drive
  • Network Interface
  • Power Supply
  • I/O Ports

While examining different computer hardware, we removed and reinserted the RAM memory, the hard disk drive, and the CPU. We then inserted a card into the expansion slot. Lastly, We connected I/O peripherals to ports.

Equipment List:

For project 1 of this lab, I needed a PC computer that includes CPU, RAM memory, Motherboard, Video Processing Card, Hard Disk Drive, Network Interface, Power Supply, I/O ports.

Notes, Observations, and Questions:

I observed the different components of a computer.

Diagrams, Flowcharts, and Figures:

These are pictures that I took in class today.


Handout Questions:

How many and what type of I/O ports does the computer you examined have?

What is the purpose of the CPU, the HDD, and the RAM memory?


I don’t know a whole lot about computer hardware, so it was nice to play around and examine it during the lab. I was able to locate and examine all of the basic hardware. While doing so, we disassembles and reassembled the different parts.

Project 2 – Historic Computers

Learning Objectives:

I examined the old computers and their components. I learned about the purpose of each one.

I also did some additional research and looked up the magnetic rope memory of the Apollo guidance computer. Then, I went to the Computer History Museum website.

Equipment List:

For this project, I used old computers and components displayed in class, search engines to do more research about historic computers, and wordpress to write my lab report.

Notes, Observations, and Questions:

I observed old computers and their components.

Diagrams, Flowcharts, and Figures:


Handout Questions:

What does our magnetic core memory look like?

What is the purpose of the magnetic core memory?


After examining everything, I thought the old portable computer was the most interesting. It was huge and weighed around 25 pounds. Compared to laptops that we use nowadays, it didn’t seem


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